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John Slover and the Indians

John Slover was born in 1755 in the Augusta District of Virginia and died May 3,1813 in South Union County, Kentucky. It is thought that he belonged to the Shaker religion for a short time. Their records show him dying May 3,1813 in Henderson, Kentucky.

Early Life

He was taken prisoner by the Indians two times. When he was eight years old, 1764, he was taken by the Miami tribe. He spent six years with them in what is now Southwest Ohio and was named Mannucothe. He was then sold to the Delewares who turned him over to a white trader. John was then taken by the Shawnees upon the Scioto River Ohio, where he remained about six years more making John about 20 years old. In 1773, he came with the Shawnees to Ft. Pitt, to a treaty council meeting. There he found some relatives, and they persuaded him to relinquish the life of the savage.

Military Action

He enlisted in the Continental Army and served for 15 months-then married Nelly (ancestral file 3M86-BR) and settled in Westmoreland, Fayette County, Pennsylvania. John was a Private in the Revolutionary War in Captain William Butler's unit. He enlisted February 8,1776. He was on the roll from June 1-March 31,1777. John also served under Captain James Chrystie's Company-2nd Pennsylvania Battalion. This unit was also designated as 3rd Pennsylvania Regiment -Colonels Arthur St. Clair and Joseph Wood. In 1781, John's name appears on Charles Reed's Chester County Militia. His names appears on Charles Reed's Company, 4th Battalion, Washington County Militia in 1782.

The Crawford Expedition

John was a scout for Colonel William Crawford in the expedition of 1782 of the Ohio Valley. He was captured by Indians again on this expedition and was tortured. There are different accounts of his surprising escape. John dictated a narrative of his adventures to Hugh H. Brackenridge, a Pittsburgh attorney. This account was written in a book titled Indian Atrocities, Narratives of the Perils and Sufferings of Dr. Knight and John Slover, Among the Indians during the Revoluntionary War. The original printing of this book was done in 1783 (with the date misprinted as 1773) and the only know copy exists in the University of Pittsburg. This book was used to prod the Continental Congress to provide money to battle the Indians in the Ohio Territory.

"The Incredible Run" by James Collier and published by the Saga Magazine also recounts this escape.